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Class Description:

 Principles of Democracy - Theme: How the American people govern themselves at national, state and local levels of government is the basis for this course.

Topic: Civic Involvement

Students can engage societal problems and participate in opportunities to contribute to the common good through governmental and nongovernmental channels.

Content Statements:

1.      Opportunities for civic engagement with the structures of government are made possible through political and public policy processes

.2.      Political parties, interest groups and the media provide opportunities for civic involvement through various means.

Topic: Civic Participation and Skills

Democratic government is enhanced when individuals exercise the skills to effectively participate in civic affairs.

Content Statements:

3.      Issues can be analyzed through the critical use of information from public records, surveys, research data and policy positions of advocacy groups.

4.      The processes of persuasion, compromise, consensus building and negotiation contribute to the resolution of conflicts and differences.

Topic: Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution

Principles related to representative democracy are reflected in the articles and amendments of the U.S. Constitution and provide structure for the government of the United States.

Content Statements:

5.      As the supreme law of the land, the U.S. Constitution incorporates basic principles which help define the government of the United States as a federal republic including its structure, powers and relationship with the governed.

6.      The Federalist Papers and the Anti-Federalist Papers framed the national debate over the basic principles of government encompassed by the Constitution of the United States.

7.      Constitutional government in the United States has changed over time as a result of amendments to the U.S. Constitution, Supreme Court decisions, legislation and informal practices.

8.      The Bill of Rights was drafted in response to the national debate over the ratification of the Constitution of the United States.

9.     The Reconstruction Era prompted Amendments 13 through 15 to address the aftermath of slavery and the Civil War.

10.     Amendments 16 through 19 responded to calls for reform during the Progressive Era.

11.      Four amendments have provided for extensions of suffrage to disenfranchised groups.

12.     Five amendments have altered provisions for presidential election, terms, and succession to address changing historical circumstances.

13.     Amendments 11, 21 and 27 have addressed unique historical circumstances.

Topic: Structure and Functions of the Federal Government

Three branches compose the basic structure of the federal government. Public policy is created through the making of laws, the execution of the laws and the adjudication of disputes under the laws.

Content Statements:

14.      Law and public policy are created and implemented by three branches of government; each functions with its own set of powers and responsibilities.

15.      The political process creates a dynamic interaction among the three branches of government in addressing current issues.

Topic: Role of the People

The government of the United States protects the freedoms of its people and provides opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process.

Content Statements:

16.      In the United States, people have rights which protect them from undue governmental interference. Rights carry responsibilities which help define how people use their rights and which require respect for the rights of others.

17.      Historically, the United States has struggled with majority rule and the extension of minority rights. As a result of this struggle, the government has increasingly extended civil rights to marginalized groups and broadened opportunities for participation.

Topic: Ohio’s State and Local Governments

The State of Ohio acts within the framework of the U.S. Constitution and extends powers and functions to local governments.

Content Statements:

18.      The Ohio Constitution was drafted in 1851 to address difficulties in governing the state of Ohio.

19.      As a framework for the state, the Ohio Constitution complements the federal structure of government in the United States.

20.     Individuals in Ohio have a responsibility to assist state and local governments as they address relevant and often controversial problems that directly affect their communities.

Topic: Public Policy

Federal, state and local governments address problems and issues by making decisions, creating laws, enforcing regulations and taking action.

Content Statements:

21.      A variety of entities within the three branches of government, at all levels, address public policy issues which arise in domestic and international affairs.

22.     Individuals and organizations play a role within federal, state and local governments in helping to determine public (domestic and foreign) policy.

Topic: Government and the Economy

The actions of government play a major role in the flow of economic activity. Governments consume and produce goods and services. Fiscal and monetary policies, as well as economic regulations, provide the means for government intervention in the economy.

Content Statements:

23.      The federal government uses spending and tax policy to maintain economic stability and foster economic growth. Regulatory actions carry economic costs and benefits.

24.     The Federal Reserve System uses monetary tools to regulate the nation’s money supply and moderate the effects of expansion and contraction in the economy.

Class Calendar
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  • Week of 8-19 - 8-22

    Tuesday - Activity Sheet  -  Pre Assessment using News Items
    Wednesday - Books distributed, On line Classroom Website; Grading and Discipline Policies and Attendance Policy.  Activity Sheet "Government"
    Thursday - Selective Service Handout and Voter Registration.  You are the one that has to Sleep at Night Article. Bell Ringer Sheet - Define Government.  Powerpoint. Activity Sheet - List 10 things you do in a day and explain what role government plays in your daily life.
    Friday - Texting and Driving Lesson to help students learn and understand the new Ohio law and the consequences to breaking the law.  Take a survey of who or those they know that text and drive and then show 3 short video clips on texting and driving then show the 2010 ATT video 10 mins.

  • Week of 9-4 to 9-7
    Tuesday- Introduction to the Principles of Government.  Ponder the questions of what is and why do we need government and how large and how small.  Incorporate the Enlightenment Period of the 18th century.  Look at a Republic and a Democracy.  Is there Theory and Reality.  Examine a short 14 min clip of India to help understand the meaning of government in society and how it may differ from one society to another.
    Wednesday - Civic Ed Quiz - 20 point quiz on current events.  Students will read articles then partner up with someone to discuss the article then take a quiz over their comprehension and understanding.
    Thursday- Chapter 1 Section 1 Learning and Understanding concepts.  Intro Activity What is an American? (small groups of 4 to complete).  Activity will help lead into the understanding of the Principles of American Government.  Students will help in a discussion of their previous reading assignment and to help with that they will have a note sheet.  Concepts include the "state" the basic political unit, social contract theory, purpose of government.
    Friday - Chapter 1 Section 2 and 3 Learning and Understanding concepts.   Classifying Governments by who can participate, distribution of power, and branches of government.  Concepts of Democracy will be discussed.  Lincoln Quote Activity.
  • Week of 9-10 to 9-14
    Monday - Quiz over Chapter 1 Section.  Discussion on how to classify governments and basic concepts of democracy and what makes a successful democracy.
    Tuesday - Begin Guidelines for Cross Curricular Project on the Presidential Election 2012.  Pick partner and issue.  Introduce by taking various presidential match quizzes that examine stance on issues.
    Wednesday - Civic Ed Quiz 2
    Thursday - Groups to work on project and to complete assignment on Understanding Gas Prices
    Friday - Partners for issue get with Partners against issue and formulate presentation.  Chapter 1 Section 2 and 3 Review are due today.
  • Week of 9-17 to 9-21
    Monday - Constitution Day, brief history and correlation to Role of Government Theme and Project.  Continue to learn and understand the Political Spectrum of Liberal and Conservative views on the role of government. (Activity)
    Tuesday - Work in Groups for Research Paper/Oral Presentation.  Homework Assignments are due today.
    Wednesday - Mr. Pukanskey to talk to Senior Class about Senior Packet
    Thursday - Civic Ed Quiz 3
    Friday - Project Collaboration with large Issue Team, Questions that will be asked so you can work on your responses and rebuttals.  Homework of Articles is due today.
  • Week of 9-24 to 9-28
    Monday - Exchange of Questions within Group.  Presentation Procedure Handout.
    Tuesday - FINAL DAY TO WORK ON PRESENTATION - Presentation is 10% of your final 9 week grade.
    Wednesday- Civic Ed Quiz 3
    Thursday - Debate Day 1 - Audience forms to be completed for two groups
    Friday - Debate Day 2  - Audience forms to be completed for two groups
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